What Are Anchor Tags?

What Are Anchor Tags?

Anchor tags are a type of HTML tag utilized in the hyperlink creation process. It is possible to go from one page to another within a website by clicking on various links and hyperlinks, which are the fundamental building blocks of navigation on the web.

You can create a link from virtually any website component, from text to images. You can surround these components with anchor tags.

What Are Attributes of an Anchor Tag?

<a> tags in HTML, or anchor tags as they are sometimes referred to, support a large number of properties. Elements in HTML can have attributes that provide further information about the element.

The majority are voluntary, but a few are obligatory. Although the href attribute is the only one required for an anchor tag, many additional optional properties exist.

An example of an HTML anchor tag that makes use of many attributes could look something like this:

<a href=”www.google.com” name=”google_link” target=”_blank” title=”Link to Google”>Link to Google</a>

Href Attribute

A link can be created only with the presence of the href attribute. Consumers will be redirected to the URL specified in the href attribute, which stands for “hypertext reference.” In the example that was given previously, this would be www.google.com.

Name Attribute

The name attribute is no longer supported in HTML5; instead, the id attribute should be used. There was no functional difference between the name and id attributes before HTML5.

They were utilized to bestow a name upon an element so that it could be identified and utilized in other contexts, such as in CSS or javascript.

Target Attribute

The target attribute is used to describe the method by which the user will be navigated to the page referenced by the link. The following are the two most typical values:

  • “_self,” which is the default option if nothing else is supplied, takes users to the link in the same browsing context, typically a tab, and is the option used if nothing else is specified.
  • “_blank” causes the anchor link to be opened in a new page or window. In most cases, this is used to link to pages located on other websites.

Other target properties include “_parent” and “_top,” albeit they are rarely used and were mainly applicable when iframes were widely utilized. Iframes have since fallen out of favor, but they were commonly used in the past. 

They allowed developers to open a link within a parent frame or the frame displayed above all others on a page.

Title Attribute

A name for the link can be specified with the help of the title attribute. This name will appear in various scenarios, such as when a user moves their mouse pointer over a link or when a user utilizing a screen reader draws attention to the anchor tag. 

This is regarded as voluntary but strongly encouraged due to accessibility concerns.

Additional Attributes

There are other properties that the anchor tag can support. Some of these are shared with other HTML tags, such as the ‘class’ and ‘id’ attributes, while others are specific to the anchor tag alone, such as the ‘target’ attribute. They are often applicable to a relatively narrow range of application scenarios.

Download Attribute

With the download attribute, the link hints to the browser that the linked content should be downloaded instead of displayed in the browser. 

Contrary to the browser’s default behavior, which navigates to the connected content by default, this makes a difference.

If it is left blank, the best guess will be used to specify a filename; however, if a value is entered into the download tag, that value will be utilized for the suggested filename.

hreflang attribute

The hreflang attribute is a feature that may be utilized to specify various language variants of the related web page. 

For example, in the case of the French language, it would be “fr,” or in the case of the English language spoken in the UK, it would be “en-GB.”

Hreflang is a valuable tool that can provide additional context for search engines and stop duplicate material from being produced.

rel attribute

You can specify a relationship between two pages by utilizing the rel attribute. This takes in a wide range of values, including “canonical,” “external,” and “help,” among others.

These provide hints about particular behaviors, such as that the link is intended to be the canonical version of a page, that the link is an external link that is outside of the website’s control, or that the link offers further information about the present connection.

What Is the Importance of Anchor Tag in Search Engine Optimization?

Anchor tags are fundamental to the operation of the web, and several of the attributes contained within an anchor tag are especially helpful in search engine optimization.

It is strongly recommended that multi-lingual websites be used to take advantage of the hreflang feature.

In addition, using a link with the rel=canonical attribute to denote canonical versions of pages is a standard best practice for search engine optimization. 

If this is not the case, search engines may interpret multiple URL versions of the same page (for example, due to URL parameters) as duplicate content, which may negatively influence the rankings obtained from search engines.

The rel attribute has many other possible values, such as “nofollow.” The attribute “nofollow” indicates that search engines should not follow the link to the linked page or crawl it.

What Are Anchor Tags Used For?

The Anchor Tag creates hyperlinks between text, images, and other parts of the HTML.

How To Create Anchor Tags?

You can make anchor tags in HTML by combining the <a> tag with one or more attributes. This will allow you to build anchor tags.

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